Passion Growers
ApertureThe natural opening of the bloom.
Aperture SpeedThe speed at which a bloom opens.
BASC (Business Alliance for Secure Commerce) Guarantees that there is a certified system in place to "prevent the product from being contaminated with illegal drugs in any of our production, postharvest and export activities." It is based on physical controls and continuous evaluation of personnel working in critical areas.
Bending (stem)When a plant or flower bends due to gravity (geotropism), light (phototropism), physiological reasons (bent neck) and/or packaging induced disorders (epinasty).
Bent NeckA term that is normally applied to roses and gerbera when flower heads droop or bend immediately below where they are attached to the stems. Rose bent neck is aggravated or caused by harvesting flowers too immature and/or by insufficient water taken up after harvest. Assuming bent neck flowers aren't completely dead, if they become erect after cutting their stems underwater then the problems was most likely a postharvest one. On the other hand if they do not come back, then this problem was likely caused by too early harvest.
Bloom SizeThe size of the bloom (or head), in inches or centimeters, one can expect from a mature plant's average blooms.
BotrytisAlso known as gray mold, it is the most common type of postharvest fungal disease that affects floral crops, especially flowering plants and cut flowers. It is known to thrive on damaged and/or old flowers/foliage, especially when free moisture is present and under warm temperatures.
BouquetAn arrangement of flowers typically consisting of flowers, fillers and greens.
BreederA person who breed plants to create new flower varieties. See also hybridizer.
BucketAny device that can hold cut flowers in solution. Examples include common five-gallon buckets to stacking wet packs that are used to ship flowers long distances in solution.
BulletA term used to describe flowers (mostly roses) when they are harvested too tight. Roses harvested too tight seldom open and/or are more prone to bent neck related problems.
CertificationIn order to improve/standardize certain segments of the floral industry, some trade associations and/or state run floral associations have instituted certification requirements. Once an individual has met these requirements, they can proudly promote themselves as having been certified for the position/skills involved.
Chop and Drop FacilityName given to facilities that receive dry bouquets, process or condition them and then ship them to customers. The "chop" refers to the stems being re-cut and the "drop" refers to the bouquets being placed into flower food solutions.
CodesNumber given to a rose variety while it is being tested and before it becomes commercial.
Cold chainTemperature controlled supply chain. An unbroken cold chain is vital to the health and longetivity of the flowers. It can be defined as an interrupted series of storage and distribution activities which maintain a given temperature range.
ColorWeather and growing conditions may influence color. You may hear terms for color, such as clear, smooth, brilliant, mellow, vibrant, dull, and streaked.
Compostis the aerobically decomposed remnants of organic matter. It is used in landscaping, horticulture and agriculture as a soil conditioner and fertilizer.
Consumer BunchFlower stems grouped and packaged together in bunches. In the United States, the most common consumer bunch holds 12 roses and does not have any fillers or greens. Consumer bunches size is typically about half the size of "bulk" or "growers" bunches, and are the stapled item in supermarkets and mass retailers.
Cut stageThe stage of opening of a rose when it is cut. Every variety has a different cut stage point. Learning these differences is critical to ensure consistency and longevity. Cut the rose too early and it will not open at all, cut it too late and it will open too fast.
DehydratedFlowers that have been deprived of water and nutrients for an extended period of time.
DiseaseA condition in which a plant does not function properly due mainly to the presence of fungi, bacteria and/or viruses. Under natural environments, plants are usually in a mixed environment where the ecological balances offer protection from significant disease related problems. However, under cultivation where masses of the exact same or similar plants are grouped and the natural ecological balances are not maintained, disease problems can easily become epidemic.
Dry PackCut flowers that are shipped dry. Normally in reference to bouquets and consumer bunches.
Ethyl BlockAn anti-ethylene product. MCP is an anti-ethylene product sold as a powder under the brand name of EthylBloc. When this powder is mixed with water or a buffer solution, MCP is released as a gas. Hence, flowers to be MCP treated have to be held in an enclosed area such as a cooler or truck trailer for certain treatment times and temperatures. MCP works essentially the same way as STS by preventing ethylene from causing negative effects such as premature flower or petal drop, leaf yellowing and/or flower death.
EthyleneA natural plant hormone in the form of a gas that is produced by all plants, flowers and fruits. It normally speeds up plant or flower death and therefore has acquired the common name of the death hormone. A sampling of ethylene-induced reactions includes premature flower fall, leaf fall, flower death and leaf yellowing.
FertileCapable of growing or developing. Capable of sustaining abundant plant growth.
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